Attitude towards purchasing consumer items can be extracted from Demographic and health survey India-2019-2020 (NFHS 5)


  • Singha Roy Soumyajit Department of Anthropology, School of Human Sciences, Sikkim University, India
  • Mithun Sikdar Anthropological Survey Of India, Southern Regional Centre, Karnataka, India
  • Nitish Mondal Department of Anthropology, School of Human Sciences, Sikkim University, India
  • Christiane Scheffler University of Potsdam, Human Biology, Potsdam, Germany
  • Detlef Groth University of Potsdam, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, Potsdam, Germany
  • Michael Hermanussen Aschauhof 3, 24340 Eckernförde – Altenhof, Germany



consumer items, national health surveys, associated chains, gross domestic production, antropometry


Background: National Health Surveys have been part of national health services in many countries, but their data are summary com- pilations and commonly used only for describing trends in health and living conditions.

Aim: Tostatisticallydisclosenetworksofinteractingvariableswithin National Health Survey data.

Sample and methods: We used anthropometric, educational, environ- mental and economic information of people of Sikkim, West Bengal, Telangana, and Gujarat, India, obtained by the Fifth Indian National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5).
We applied a new statistical approach labeled as “St. Nicholas House Analysis” (SNHA). SNHA ranks absolute bivariate correlation coef- ficients in descending order according to magnitude. The method creates hierarchic “association chains” of correlation coefficients de- fined by sequences where reversing the start and end point does not alter the ordering of elements. Association chains characterize de- pendence structures within networks of extensively interacting variables.

Results: SNHA disclosed fundamental differences in the network of anthropometric, educational, environmental and economic variables of the people of Sikkim, and the people of West Ben- gal, Telangana and Gujarat. Whereas relevant interactions among these variables were largely absent in the people of Sikkim, the variables formed characteristic star-shaped networks with wealth quintile and the possession of motorcycles in a strong central position, in the people of West Bengal, Telangana and Gujarat.

Conclusion: Depicting association chains within net- works of extensively interacting variables such as health survey data appears to be a promising statisti- cal tool for disentangling the effects of environmen- tal circumstances, education, and social, economic, political and emotional (SEPE) factors on human growth.


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How to Cite

Soumyajit, S. R., Sikdar, M., Mondal, N., Scheffler, C., Groth, D., & Hermanussen, M. (2023). Attitude towards purchasing consumer items can be extracted from Demographic and health survey India-2019-2020 (NFHS 5). Human Biology and Public Health, 2.